Ielts task 1: The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
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The line graph illustrates the percentage of people in the age range of 65 or more from 1940 to 2040 in the USA, Sweden, and Japan.
It is clear from the line graph that Japan is expected to experience the most dramatic change in its elderly population. Overall, there is a prediction that all of the three countries will see a sharp rise in the number of old people during the period.
In 1940, the USA had the highest proportion of elderly people at about 9%, followed by Sweden with 7% and Japan with 5% of the population aged 65 or over. In the mid-1980s, while Sweden and the USA both underwent upward trends by 9% and 6% respectively, the number of old people in Japan remained unchanged from 1960 to 1980 , at 2,5%.
After a marginal decrease, the number of people aged 65 or more in the USA was stable until 2020 and is forecast to go up steadily to about 22,5% by 2040. The percentage in Sweden fluctuated between 14% and 19% from 1980 to 2020 and is expected to reach its peak at 25%. Japan is the country anticipated to have the highest proportion, with about 27% of the population will be over 65 years old after skyrocketing by 17% from the late 2020s to 2040.
 
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