It is no doubt true that in many cities the supply of houses is unable to meet the demand for shelters. Although this is caused by several reasons, there are still some feasible solutions for this issue.
There are two main reasons why housing crisis occurs. One reason is that resources are scarce, which means it is impossible to increase the quantity of natural resources. While the population increases constantly, the amount of land does not increase. Therefore, we do not have sufficient land to fulfil people’s demand for accommodations. Another cause of housing shortage is that as the quality of healthcare in today’s life has improved dramatically, life expectancy has also increased greatly compared to the past. This leads to a significant rise in the world’s population over time, which will place a burden on housing supply.
However, we still have some feasible measures to tackle this housing problem. Firstly, building more apartments instead of houses may help mitigate the problem of resource scarcity. Since an apartment can accommodate a tremendously higher number of people than a house can, governments should encourage vertical city development instead horizontal one. Secondly, it is highly recommended that governments restrict the increase in population, which will help decrease the excessive demand for houses. This can be done by limiting the number of children born in families. In China, for example, because the population is huge, Chinese government enforces the rule that each Chinese family must not bear more than two children.
In conclusion, housing shortage is increasingly becoming a severe problem for many cities, and this arises because of various reasons. However, we can still cope with this problem if suitable policies are implemented.