It is a noticed phenomenon that in many countries, students tend to follow other subjects instead of science subjects as their major. There are several tentative reasons for this trend, and it can cause some adverse impacts on society.
Generally, this problem happens due to two key reasons. First of all, science students have to participate in an intensive curriculum during years in their universities or colleges. In fact, some scientific programmes, for example, Biological Technique, Chemical Technique, etc., require a longer time to accomplish, and their high volume of knowledge, as well as experiments, usually put the leaners under a great pressure to handle well their tasks. Therefore, students will choose other choices which seem to be easier in their perspective when applying for their coming undergraduate programmes. Secondly, despite spending great efforts to achieve their science diplomas, graduated people have to face risks of unemployment due to a low number of occupation opportunities. It is undeniable fact that people who graduate with other majorities, such as Foreign Trade or Hospitality, will have better odds to be employed in comparison with science graduates. Those struggles are major barriers preventing people pursue scientific subjects as their majorities as well as their career paths later.
A shortage of leaners in science fields can result in some negative effects. A lack of research which is a requirement to conduct a foundation for most professions and other degrees of human life, due to the insufficiency of scientific experts, can decelerate the development of society. Furthermore, while there is a significantly increasing number of applications to economic, business and hospitality fields in compared with scientific areas, the number of job vacancies in those domains will become limited and more competitive; therefore, many university graduates would have to confront the unemployment context, which poses a challenge to society.
In conclusion, a decrease in the quantity of science learners is caused by several factors, and this actuality can bring about severely negative effects.